Author: glandcenter

glandscenter / Articles posted by glandcenter

Endocrinology

The study of glands and their secretions, called hormones.  Hormones are chemical messengers that communicate with nearby cells, organs or distant cells or tissues.  Hormones can be proteins or amino acids, ions or steroid molecules.  There has been several that have been identified, the most prominent of them that we discuss daily is insulin.  Insulin is a key metabolic hormone that helps to regulate glucose metabolism in cells and tissues as well as regulate growth.  The latter aspect is paid...

Parathyroid and calcium homeostasis

Calcium is an essential ion that is regulated in the body very tightly so that essential bodily functions are not affected by lack or excess of this vital element. Calcium that is present in the diet is absorbed in the gut in the presence of Vitamin D, and whose expression is monitored constantly through receptors which feed this information to the four tiny brown glands embedded into the thyroid gland in the neck. Parathyroid glands produce parathyroid hormone, which is...

Diabetes

Known as diabetes mellitus and differentiated into type 1 (pancreatic beta cell death; absolute insulin deficiency) and type 2 (pancreatic exhaustion, insulin resistance, relative insulin deficiency), this is a metabolic disorder affecting millions all over the world. When we look at broad demographics over the past 50 years, the incidence and prevalence of this condition has been assuming an accelerated growth phase. This is alarming and has already set several wheels of research in motion, which have revealed...